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Biodiversity and Biosafety

Both biodiversity and biosafety are terms and concepts covered by the legally binding provisions under the Convention on Biological Diversity and its supplementary Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.

The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection as the competent national authority to implement the Convention as well as the Protocol is responsible to take lead in activities related to nature protection and conservation of all components of biodiversity at one hand, and biosafety activities that are relevant to introduction of GMOs into the environment (e.g. plants and animals (fishes, insects, etc.) on the other hand.

Recognizing the significant and un-measurable value and great importance of biodiversity for our existence, health and wellbeing and acknowledging the possible adverse impacts of GMOs on the environment are important premises that have to be taken into account during any decision-making process. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety as well as the Act on GMOs are recognizing utilization of the precautionary principle whenever there are doubts based on controversial scientific studies and whenever it is important to make complete informed decisions in regards to release of GMOs into the environment.